"understanding how parts compose structures by sharing information on different scales [may] be the key to unlocking how those complex systems behave." #readingToday
Allen, Stacey and Bar-Yam composed foundational axioms and then derived two quantities to summarize the structure of a system. One, called the complexity profile, is high for systems with mostly independent parts and drops sharply for highly interdependent systems. The other, called marginal utility of information, quantifies how well a system can be described with a limited amount of information. Together these two measures avoid many of the problems and paradoxes that have afflicted previous approaches to quantifying complexity and structure.